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Hypertension and diabetes are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and the major causes for the mortality is due to complications of the hypertension and diabetes and it is predicted that by 2025 the number of people suffering from hypertension will increase to 214 million and number of people suffering from diabetes will increase to 190 million. This study was intended to obtain information on prevalence of diabetic and hypertensive complications in a community setup and to provide patient counselling on the same which may help to improve their overall quality of life. A prospective observational study was carried out in and around the area of Bangalore through a series of health camps. The tentative duration of the study was 6 months. Free health camps were conducted where the screening of blood pressure and glucose were provided. Tests were done using digital sphygmomanometers and Accu-check. Data was collected based on Demographic details (Contact information, age, sex, etc.), past and present medical history was collected in a specially designed profile forms. A total o f 319 subjects were enrolled in the study   through a series of 3 health camps, out of which 112 subjects were suffering from Hypertension, 87  subjects  were suffering from Diabetes, 43 were suffering from both Hypertension and Diabetes and 77 subjects  were  not  diagnosed  with  any complications. Prevalence  percentage  of complications  for  particular  factor  was calculated which shows  CHD(37.4%) ,  stroke (32.9%), heart failure (11.6%) prevalence percentage in hypertensive subjects and memory impairment (56.15%), cataract (51.5%), CHD (33.1%), retinopathy (20.7%) and neuropathy (10%)  prevalence percentage  in  diabetic  subjects. Hence  we  observed  higher  prevalence  percentage  of CHD  (coronary heart  disease)  in hypertension  and  higher  prevalence  percentage  of  memory impairment  in  diabetes  and  also  Diabetic  and  hypertensive complications were higher among the diabetic and hypertensive individuals in and around area of Bangalore, India.


Hypertension, heart failure, diabetes, prevalence, retinopathy, community.

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Abhiram Kakarla, Aishwarya D R, Charan Teja Boddu, Narender Boggula, R. Srinivasan. A STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF DIABETIC AND HYPERTENSIVE COMPLICATIONS IN A COMMUNITY SETUP. Int. j. innov. pharm. sci. res. [Internet]. 2018Apr.6 [cited 2023Mar.27];6(4):7-20. Available from: